In a straight stand, cowpeas form a dense weed suppressing mat and fix nitrogen. Iron & Clay Cowpeas consist of two blended varieties and provide both semi-bushy and veining type growth. Due to their tolerances to cold and drought, iron clay cowpeas are able to be planted anytime between March and June, or they can be planted in the early fall; soil temperatures should remain above 60○F to ensure the best germination and emergence. per acre in April through August. Condition New. Cowpeas are extremely productive and can produce in excess of 8,000 pounds of quality forage (dry weight) per year throughout the growing season. When to Plant. PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. Iron Clay Peas are a warm season Legume used as an added ingredient to Spring, Summer and Fall food plots for wildlife. Cowpeas are a highly preferred summer deer forage and can be difficult to prevent over grazing in small or medium sized plots. They are a herbaceous annual warm season legume adapted through most of the southern states. Growth: Annual. The next morning about 9 am it looked like you'd cut it with a lawn mower. Iron-clay cowpeas are one of my all-time favorite summer forages for deer. They do well in a wide range soil types, including nutrient poor or sandy and droughty soils. They can do well in acidic soils, but prefer a PH above 5.5. Iron & Clay Peas (Iron-Clay Cowpeas) are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. Here is another idea. Relative Maturity: Late Class: Non Crowder Plant Habit: Bushy Pod Color: Green Seed Color: Light Brown Seed Size: Medium Description: One of the most popular peas for wildlife enthusiasts planting warm season plots, this variety has a heavy growth of vines that is great for soil improvement and deer forage. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. In the late summer, the iron clay cowpeas will produce seed in pods that make a superb food for turkey and quail. The following insects are ranked from the most important and common pests in Georgia, with an emphasis on southern Georgia, where the majority of the production occurs. Iron & Clay Cowpeas. Leaflets are triangular in shape. According to the Environmental Protection Agency most fertilizers Fertilizer For Iron Clay Peas Lawn Recommendations Spring Ontario contain about the same basic materials: nitrogen potassium phosphorus and sometimes other nutrients like zinc needed for healthy plant growth. Seed Wildlife Food Plot Seed Iron-Clay Cow Peas; Iron-Clay Cow Peas. Cowpeas are moderately tolerant of drought, low fertility and soil acidity but do better in the pH range of 5.5 - 7.0. This warm season annual legume produces high protien forage for wild life and makes a great soil building cover crop. PLANTING RATES It is extre If you are drilling the seed, plant approximately 40 to 50 lbs./acre. Iron Clay Pea should be planted once soil temperatures reach a consistent 65 degrees F, which is late spring throughout summer in most growing zones. Iron and Clay Cowpeas are a summer annual legume. Class: Legume. Here is a link to their site: If you got deer and you plant Iron Clay cow peas for turkeys, you'll be lucky if the turkeys get any unless you plant about 6-8 acres. For added soil building and diversity, plant in a mix with other summer annuals, such as sunn hemp, sudangrass, buckwheat, or MasterGraze till-ering corn. Ryan Basinger of Alabama is a certified wildlife biologist and the Wildlife Consulting Manager for Westervelt Wildlife Services. Iron Clay Cow Peas produce forage in 45 days and mature seed in 100 days. NET WEIGHT 50 LBS **PICTURE MAY NOT BE ACTUAL REPRESENTATION! He has a broad range of professional experience managing wildlife populations and their habitats on public and private lands throughout the Southeast. Regions na - Dry-Med. Iron Clay Cowpeas produce forage in 45 days and mature seed in 100 days. Iron & Clay Cowpeas are annual late maturing peas that provide feed for quail & deer in the fall. If grass competition is not a factor in your plots, then adding a summer grain to the mixture is fine. Yoro which initially raised digester plant that has two digesters each with a capacity of 1600 m3 biomass use is manure … The deer love the small plants and will sometimes strip a newly seeded area if the deer population is heavy. He earned his bachelor's degree in wildlife science from Mississippi State University and his master's in wildlife management from the University of Tennessee. Add a bit of compost on top to add nutrients, since containers not only dry out more easily, but also have a tendency to be nutrient-deficient. 2.15. If no-till planting, make sure to kill the existing vegetation with glyphosate to eliminate weed competition one to two weeks prior to planting. Notice in the aforementioned mixture that all the plantings are broadleaved and that no grasses or grains are included, such as corn, grain sorghum, or Egyptian wheat. All insect pests but the cowpea curculio, have satisfactory control options available to growers. One of my go-to summer mixtures is to broadcast cowpeas (40 to 50 lbs./acre), lablab (10 lbs./acre) and peredovik sunflower (5 lbs./acre). ft. In most areas, cowpeas can be planted from early May to early August. This limits competition and makes disking much quicker and easier. SKU: LA-CP-5.0. You can use any kind of container for growing your cowpeas, but plastic, wood, or clay containers are best. Iron clay cowpeas are a highly preferred annual season legume which is best used when planting a combination of plants for foraging wildlife food plots. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. Cowpeas can be planted in most of the country from May to August. I have probably planted more acres in cowpeas during summer than any other species. Unfortunately the deer ate every plant we had this year. Now they are busy removing plastic mulch and getting ready to plant peas. Excellent for quail, dove & deer. It became an eight foot high jungle, and the deer were in there eating stuff all summer and actually living in there as well, but I could never find any evidence … As with any planting, soil testing should be conducted to ensure you apply the appropriate amounts of lime and fertilizer to make sure nutrient levels are high and readily available by maintaining a neutral pH greater than 6.0. If there are several buds left after defoliation, the plant will regenerate. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. Cowpeas are extremely attractive and nutritious, containing upwards of 25 to 30 percent crude protein in fields with good soil fertility. They need warmer soil, so wait until 3-4 weeks after last frost to plant. Iron Clay produces the abundant amounts of organic matter and nitrogen needed to enrich the soil, resists common forms of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita), and grows well in our desert summers with moderate irrigation. I was looking at the field right at sundown and patting myself on the back at how nice they looked. If drilling, plant approximately 40 to 50 pounds per acre. Actually a bean and not a pea, iron clay cowpeas produce a very nutritious crop of seeds that can be shelled and eaten fresh, processed in the green stage, or allowed to dry on a vine. Cowpeas are relatively inexpensive, easy to establish and manage, grow well under just about any condition, produce a tremendous amount of protein-packed and digestible forage, and deer are extremely attracted to them. Select. … Cowpeas are extremely viney, with weak stems causing them to lay over as they mature. I like to include lablab in the mixture because it persists longer than cowpeas, holding deer in the area longer. Alternatively, planting cowpeas later in the summer (late June/July) will ensure they last into bow season. Iron & Clay Peas (Iron-Clay Cowpeas) are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. Description: Cowpeas are a vigorous growing warm season annual legume. If they are planted early and are not overgrazed, cowpeas will produce seed pods that are long and curved. Iron clay cowpeas yield an extremely high number of seeds which helps them be fairly resilient when faced with high amount of deer pressure. Cowpeas are believed to have originated in Africa. Cowpeas can be planted from spring through early Fall. These are the nutrients we want to transfer to deer. Rate: 60 lbs./acre or 1 1/2 lbs./1000 sq.ft. Iron & Clay Peas (Iron-Clay Cowpeas) are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. In terms of preparing the seed bed, anytime you are broadcasting seed it is very important to create a smooth, firm planting surface free of large clods and debris to ensure optimum germination. … The cowpea curculio is the main production-limiting key pest where it occurs in the Southeastern United States. This strategy allows more flexibility for controlling grassy weed competition with grass-selective herbicides. Due to their ability to produce their own nitrogen in root modules, iron clay cowpeas are a good choice for soil-building summer crops. Ryan also has conducted extensive food plot research where he compared production, nutrition, preference, and availability of various forages planted for deer. Need full sun and a warm growing season. Cowpeas are the most productive legume in warm regions of the United States. Iron & Clay cowpeas are a summer annual legume. Iron & Clay cowpeas. This increases protein levels, which enhances body and antler development, as well as milk production in does. Color: Green. This is especially important in the South, where there is a tendency to get hot, dry weather during summer. Another beneficial quality of cowpeas is they are extremely drought tolerant. Later plantings can provide succulent growth to attract deer for an early bow shot. (more than 10 bags of 50 pounds) please contact us by Phone at 800 253 7346 or click here for a price quote and delivery options.. When planting cowpeas, I typically plant approximately 70 to 80 lbs./acre if broadcasting and cover the seed about an inch by lightly disking. Aside from deer, iron clay cowpeas also provide a food supply for turkey, rabbit, and quail. However, realize that if the deer density is high, sunflowers may be overgrazed. Plant too early and you risk frost and low soil temperatures preventing good germination. Good drainage is needed for a successful plot. The seeds mature in about 90-100 days. Plant May to August and expect maturity in 90 - 100 days. I use Eagle Soybean Seed, the Large Lad variety. Cowpeas can tolerate a wide range of soil types but do best when planted in well-drained soils that are slightly acidic. Ryan has conducted research on a variety of species and habitats where he examined the effects of various forest management techniques on browse production, availability, preference, and nutrition for white-tailed deer. Cowpeas typically persist until the first frost as long as they aren’t overgrazed and deer will be using them regularly during bow season. Southern peas have cultural requirements similar to beans. Plant 1/4 of the plot in RR soybeans and another 1/4 of the plot in iron clay peas for a summer forage plot. Iron Clay Peas work great for planting after your Spring garden to increase soil organics and prevent summer weed growth. Just be sure that soil temperatures should remain above 60 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure the best germination and emergence. Also, it is important to plant when there is good soil moisture or when a good chance of rain is in the forecast. Iron clay peas have the ability to produce their own nitrogen in root modules, which makes them an excellent choice as a “soil-building” summer crop. The deer at my place wiped out 3 acre patch two years ago in one night in mid June. If planting a mixture with other species, reduce the planting rate accordingly, depending on the number of species included. Info | Reviews | Tips $ 2.15 Per Pound. Planting Date: April - August. Peas have long been planted as a green manure crop that adds nutrients back into the soil. Including lablab can extend the longevity of the plot, making it more productive to hunt over until a frost occurs. This will provide a dense foliage canopy so that weeds are not able to germinate and thrive. Compared to other forage legumes, cowpeas hold up pretty well to grazing pressure as long as plots are not too small. Iron &Clay cowpea 85/20/60 B/R/D Yes April-June 1/4-1/2" A D,T,Q insects, forage, seed deer may over browse widely adapted July-Aug. Partridge pea 20/10 B/D Yes Oct.-Feb. 1/4-1/2" A T,Q insects, cover, seed plant fall/winter, comes up in early spring widely adapted Sept.-Oct. Cowpea Seeds $6.00 Iron and Clay cowpeas makes a great cover crop for smothering weeds and adding Nitrogen to soil during spring as the frost will kill the cowpeas. PLANTING RATES Clay peas were carried as rations by Confederate soldiers, while both Iron and Clay peas sustained newly freed African-Americans after the Civil War according to George Washington Carver’s 1908 Cookbook of Field Pea Recipes.] Planting Rate: 15 lbs/acre drilled or 40 lbs/acre broadcast, Wildlife Food Planting Manual for the Southeast (PDF). Iron clay cowpeas are fairly resilient once planted and are able to germinate in a wide array of soils, but they still require the pH to be between five to seven point five. They are also commonly planted as a cover crop because they fix nitrogen, they have fast, weed-suppressing growth, and they are exceptionally drought … Cowpeas need good drainage and produce better if inoculated when planted and fertilized at 200 lbs. Plant anytime between March and June or even early fall. Iron & Clay Peas Cowpeas are a southern favorite for food plots and are an easily planted crop either in row or by broadcasting. Growers use all types of legumes, such as clay iron peas, soybeans and southern peas that when plowed in will increase organic matter and will increase organic nitrogen. Good root-knot nematode resistance. Due to their tolerances to cold and drought, iron clay cowpeas are able to be planted anytime between March and June, or they can be planted in the early fall; soil temperatures should remain above 60○F to ensure the best germination and emergence. This high protein forage is excellent when used for grazing, haying, baleage, or as a component in a summer cover crop. They are vigorous, drought hardy plants and are a great nitrogen-fixing crop. Turkey in particular will seek out cowpea plots due to their preference for early seedlings. Deer are highly fond of iron clay cowpeas, which is fortunate since the iron clay cowpeas provide a high level of protein that will help promote antler growth. Add … In regions such as the Deep South that have a long growing season, including lablab or an indeterminate-type soybean variety can be very advantageous. Depending on the local deer density and habitat quality, I recommend that plots be a minimum of 1 acre. For example, planting cowpeas alone in Alabama or Mississippi may not result in quality forage being available to bowhunt over because bow season opens relatively late (mid-October) and cowpeas tend to fade out. However, they require high levels of phosphorus and potassium for optimum growth, nutritional quality, and attraction. In the South, cowpeas can be planted as early as mid-April and can be successfully established throughout the summer if soil moisture is adequate. For cover crops, plant 75 to 100 lbs. It is widely adapted to a variety of soils and climatic conditions throughout the country. Like with any legume, it is important to properly inoculate cowpeas with the appropriate inoculant prior to planting (inoculant code EL). Excellent for quail, dove & deer. Planting … Height: 2' - 2.5' Scientific Name: Vigna savi. Soils: Dry to Medium Soil Moisture. Sunflowers are included to provide “ladder structure” for the cowpeas and lablab to climb upon for increased production, as seen in the photo below. From about the mid-South region northward, which experiences a shorter growing season, this really isn’t a factor. Iron Clay Cowpeas are a vining summer annual legume, and the beans it produces are also known as black-eyed peas. Thus, be sure to apply the amounts recommend from the soil test to ensure nutrient levels are in the high range. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a warm-season annual legume that originated from Ethiopia. So … In my full profile in Quality Whitetails magazine sent to QDMA members, I also covered early-season hunting strategies using cowpeas, and also weed control techniques. This is an annual legume that provides forage and seeds for deer and game birds alike, and can be planted in early March through September depending upon the climate zone. Iron clay cowpeas are most likely to succeed if planted between one and two inches beneath the soil’s surface. In the South, cowpeas can be planted as early as mid-April and can be successfully established throughout the summer if soil moisture is adequate. My ag seed supplier didn't have forage soybeans but they said Iron Clay Cowpeas are just as good, so I spring planted some for the first time, four plus acres worth, as part of a mix with radishes, sorghum, sunflowers, clover and t-raptor brassica. Once the plants have matured, they will attract insects that turkeys depend upon for their diet. Once planted, the seeds should reach maturity within ninety to one hundred days provided that rainfall exceeds at least twenty-five inches. Iron clay cowpeas have become a favorite addition to deer forage food plot mixtures. Source: Introduced. Every issue of the magazine contains one of my complete food plot species profiles, so join QDMA today to start receiving the complete articles. If broadcasting, plant about 60 to 70 pounds per acre. For best weed-suppression results, plant thick at a rate of 2-2.5 lbs per 1,000 sq. Cowpea curculio, Chalcodermus aeneus(Coleoptera), is a weevil (Figure 2), that seems to have originated from the Caribb… Vigorous, drought hardy plants are a great nitrogen-fixing cover crop; late maturing pods can be harvested for the kitchen or used for fodder. ... Iron Clay Cowpeas / Black-Eyed Peas. Cowpeas do not need much nitrogen applied since they are a legume and produce their own. 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